In 1916, the United States and Canada, still part of the United Kingdom at the time, signed the Migratory Bird Treaty. The purpose of the treaty was to ensure the protection of migratory birds in both countries and to keep their populations strong and stable enough that they would be certainly protected from extinction.
In 1960, American pilot Joseph Kittinger made his third and final high-altitude jump as part of Project Excelsior. This particular jump was made from 102,800 feet high, taking about four and a half minutes to reach the ground and achieving a speed of 614 mph before deploying his parachute. These records would hold until 2012, when he would be involved with an effort that would break two of the three.
In 1975, Gough Whitlam, Prime Minister of Australia, ceremonially hands back a section of land to the Gurindji people. This occurrence came about nine years after the beginning of the Wave Hill walk-off, which has become a landmark event in the fight for indigenous rights, especially concerning the Aboriginals of Australia.
A Notable Birth
1888 – Thomas Edward Lawrence (d. 1935) was a British archeologist and diplomat, best known for his exploits during the First World War. Called Lawrence of Arabia, he wrote of his experience during the Arab Revolt in his work, Seven Pillars of Wisdom.
A Notable Death
1888 – John Pemberton (b. 1831) was an American biochemist, best known for inventing Coca-Cola. He developed the recipe while developing an alternative to morphine, which he formed an addiction to due to wounds suffered while fighting for the C.S.A.