On This Day in History – July 10

In 1499, Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, Portugal, after having been a companion as part of Vasco da Gama’s voyage that confirmed a sea route to India by sailing around the African continent. Vasco’s voyage is considered the one responsible for connecting the Atlantic and Indian Oceans by sea, though there is possible evidence and/or hearsay to suggest the Phoenicians were able to circumnavigate the African continent during antiquity.

Between this date in 1882 and 1883, the War of the Pacific, also called the Saltpeter War, shifted between two separate ‘Sierra campaigns’ concerning fighting between Chilean and Peruvian soldiers. On the date in 1882, Chile faced their final defeat in their fight with Peru during the 27-hour Battle of Concepción with the destruction of a small, 77-man garrison. In 1883, the Chilean forces defeated their Peruvian foes at the Battle of Huamachuco, the decisive victory of the war.

In 1997, a scientific report was released concerning their findings following the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton. The report’s findings support the “Out of Africa” theory concerning human evolution and the origin of the human species. It more specifically placed the date for a common female ancestor—described by some as an “African Eve”—as being alive and around 150,000 to 200,000 years ago.

A Notable Birth

1839 – Adolphus Busch (d. 1913) was a German-born brewer who with his three brothers immigrated to the United States. He was the co-founder of Anheuser-Busch, the brewing company that presently produces Budweiser.

A Notable Death 138 – Hadrian (b. 76) was an Emperor of Rome, commonly viewed as one of the Good Emperors. Under his rule, the Roman Empire expanded to its greatest size. He is best known for his famous wall in the United Kingdom, called Britannia during his time.

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