In 1619, the House of Burgesses, the elected and representative legislative body of Colonial Virginia—and the first of its kind in the Americas—convened for their first session at Jamestown. They would move to Williamsburg in 1699 and was succeeded by the present lower body of Virginia’s legislative assembly.
In 1930, host country Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup, defeating Argentina 4-2. Thirteen national teams participated in the tournament, with half being from South America. The number was in part due to the difficulty for European teams to travel to South America. Third place went to the United States and Yugoslavia took fourth.
In 1965, American President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Amendments of 1965 into law. The act established the formation of Medicare and Medicaid, federal health insurance designated to assist the elderly and poor. The popularity and scope of these programs have grown with time, especially with one of the major voting blocks being a prime recipient of these services.
A Notable Birth
1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger is an Austrian American body builder, actor, and politician. He won the Mr. Universe body building world championship at age 20, became famous through his role in Conan the Barbarian, among several other films, and served two terms as the Governor of California from 2003 to 2011. He is turning 73 today.
A Notable Death
1898 – Otto von Bismarck (b. 1815) was a Prussian-born German statesman responsible for unifying Germany in 1871, becoming its first Chancellor. He provoked three wars in the process and would become one of the most influential figures in Europe during the final decades of the Nineteenth Century.