In 1191, the two-year Siege of Acre, a battle during the Third Crusade, came to an end as the city garrison, men loyal to Salah ad-Din Yusuf—known elsewise as Saladin—surrendered to the crusaders led by Philip Augustus, the first monarch to name himself King of France. Richard the Lionheart, King of England, would later behead 2,700 of these men in response to the lack of names in an offer of exchange.
In 1789, French journalist and radical Camile Desmoulins gave an impassioned speech at Café du Foy, in the Palais Royal near which many political dissents would gather, in response to the king, Louis XVI, dismissing Jacques Necker, the popular finance minister. That speech had an impact upon those gathered, which would eventually foment into the Storming of the Bastille upon the 14th.
In 1971, the Australian Aboriginal Flag was flown for the first time over Victoria Square in Adelaide upon National Aborigines Day. It would later be legitimized as a “Flag of Australia” in 1995, which would later be modified in 2008 due to administrative errors. The flag is bisected in half, black on top, red on bottom, with a yellow circle in the center.
A Notable Birth
100 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar (d. 44 BC) was a Roman politician and general, best known for his role in beginning the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. He gained the power for the maneuver through his Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus along with his military gains in Gaul or modern France.
A Notable Death
2011 – Sherwood Schwartz (b. 1916) was an American television producer and screenwriter. While he began in radio during the 1940s, he is best known as the creator of classic TV series Gilligan’s Island and The Brady Bunch.